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Author: Bagby, Albert
Title: The Jew in the Cántigas of Alfonso X, el Sabio
Date: 1971
Publication details: Speculum 46 (1971): 670-88.
Snow ID: 347
Commentary: Notes from Snow 1977: "The role of the Jew in the CSM is that of a hated minority (7 per cent of the poems deal with Jews). Alfonso may have been politically tolerant but, B. argues, he was not so tolerant personally. Jews appear in 30 cantigas as arch enemies of Christianity (occasionally as converts to it as in CSM 107, 89, and 133), the devil's disciples, usurers, and traitors.rnBut the thesis is weakened when one realizes that eight of the thirty compositions were widely?circulated accounts whose outline and content are clearly established and over which Alfonso (or his collaborators) had no control. Further, one must accept, more fully than is now possible to determine, the direct authorship (and approval for the illuminations) of Alfonso for the remaining poems. While the concept of personal intervention has been much discussed, its degree and specific application have not been established firmly enough to support B.'s claims here. Cantigas entering into the discussion are: 12, 34, 286, 4, 6, 22, 71, 91, 135, 149, 187, 238, 390, 415, 419, and 426 (Jews as arch enemies); 109, 3, 108, and 425 (as devil's disciple); 25, 27, 51, 85, and 312 (as usurers); and 2 and 348 (as traitors)."
Associated Poems: 2 - Hildefonsus of Toledo
4 - The Murdered Jewish Boy
6 - The Murdered Chorister
12 - The Image of Christ Reviled by the Jews of Toledo
22 - The Wounded Farmer
25 - The Jewish Moneylender and the Christian Merchant
27 - The Image that Appeared in a Synagogue
34 - The Desecrated Image of the Virgin
51 - The Statue that Intercepted an Arrow
71 - The Nun who was Taught to Say her ’Aves’
85 - The Jew who was Delivered from Thieves
89 - The Jewish Woman who was Helped in Childbirth
91 - The Healing of People Suffering from St Martial’s Fire
107 - The Jewish Woman who was Thrown from a Cliff
108 - Merlin and the Jew
109 - The Possessed Man who was Exorcised at Salas
133 - The Girl who Drowned in a Ditch
135 - The Marriage Ordained by the Virgin
149 - The German Priest who Doubted the Sacrament
187 - The Monks of Jerusalem who were Saved from Famine
238 - The Blasphemous Minstrel
286 - The Jews who Mocked a Christian
312 - The Impotent Knight
348 - The Hidden Treasure
390 - Cantiga de loor
415 - The Feast if the Annunciation (25 March)
419 - The Vigil of the Feast of the Assumption (14 August)
425 - Resurrection: The Three Marys
426 - Ascension
BITAGAP BIBID: 3860
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