Poems MSS / layout Miracles Keywords Poncelet Bibliography Search

View poem data

For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
For new critical texts of the poems, return to the listing page and click on the poem number, or go to the archive of texts .
For epigraphs and layout information click on the appropriate manuscript location.
For information on Latin and vernacular sources of miracle stories follow the links to Miracles and collections. Follow the links to the appropriate pages of Todd McComb and Pierre Roberge's online discography, to the BITAGAP archive, and to linked entries in the Bibliography.
Home Page

Back to list
CSM Number : 185
Short name: The Statue that Defended a Castle Alternative: Statue defends Castle of Chincolla
Incipit: Poder á Santa Maria/ grande d’ os seus acorrer
Refrain: Poder á Santa Maria/ grande d’ os seus acorrer/ en qual logar quer que sejan/ e os de mal defender.
Summary of narrative
View Options: (Narrative Miniature Narrative & Miniature Miniature & Caption Narrative, Miniature & Both Captions )
Setting: the castle of Chincolla in the kingdom of Jaén; mention of Bélmez and Granada Protagonist(s): the Christian castellan of Chincolla, the Moorish castellan of Bélmez, and the King of Granada

The castle of Chincolla, in the kingdom of Jaén, was held by a castellan who kept it well, but had become imprudent. He struck up a friendship with the Moorish castellan of Bélmez. The treacherous Moor told the King of Granada that he could take the castle of Chincolla. The King of Granada asked him how this could be accomplished. The castellan of Bélmez replied that he could capture the castellan of Chincolla while conversing with him. The King gave him permission to do so; he threatened to kill him if he were lying, and promised to reward him if he captured the castle.

The Moor went off to Chincolla. He asked the castellan to come out and sign a pact with him. The unsuspecting castellan went out with two squires. They told him that they were afraid the Moor would betray him. The squires, accompanying their unarmed lord, were so terrified that they ran back and hid in the castle.

The castellan, however, did not retreat, but crossed the river to meet the Moor. When he approached, the Moor captured him and had him taken to the King of Granada.\r\nThe King asked the castellan about the castle and told him he would behead him if he lied. The castellan informed him that fifteen hungry men held it.

The King of Granada immediately rallied his troops and headed for the castle. He forced the castellan to demand its surrender, but the defenders refused to give in.\r\nThe King of Granada launched an attack with volleys of arrows and stones.

The defenders took the statue of the Virgin from the chapel and placed it on the ramparts. They prayed to the Virgin to defend the castle from the infidel Moors.\r\nThey left the statue there and the attackers all retreated.

Three black Moors, who had entered the castle, were thrown to their deaths from the top of the wall. The King of Granada determined not to go against the Virgin. He ordered the trumpets to be blown and the troops to retreat.

Metrical data
Stanza: 15 15 15 15 Refrain: 15 15
No. of Stanzas: 18
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T187, E185
Poncelet reference
None
Keywords
castellan, castle, chapel (in castle), image (of Virgin Mary), imprisonment, Muslims/Moors, oath, pact, river, siege, squire, treachery, warfare
Discography
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
BITAGAP ID
3936
Bibliography
Cantigas del Rey Sabio
Anon
Some Characterizations of the Moor in Alfonso X’s Cantigas
Bagby, Albert
The Cantigas, or ’Songs of Praise of St. Mary’
Burns, Robert I.
La guerra en Andalucía: Aproximaciones a la retórica visual de las Cantigas de Santa María
Corti, Francisco
Imágenes vivientes: idolatría y herejía en las Cantigas de Alfonso X
García Avilés, Alejandro
La frontera de Granada en las Cantigas de Santa María
González Jiménez, Manuel
Shields of faith: apotropaic images of the Virgin in Alfonso X\'s Cantigas de Santa María
Jackson, Deirdre Elizabeth
Los manuscritos de las Cantigas: Cómo se elaboró la miniatura alfonsí
Menéndez Pidal, Gonzalo
El frustrado cerco de Marrakech
Montoya Martínez, Jesús
Un incidente fronterizo en las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Montoya Martínez, Jesús
Tres topónimos en las Cantigas de Santa María
Montoya Martínez, Jesús
La Guerra de Granada en las Cantigas de Alfonso X el Sabio
Paredes Nuñez, J.
Art of Estrangement: Redefining Jews in Reconquest Spain
Patton, Pamela A.
La pecadora penitente en el teatro español: Sus fuentes y evolución
Sánchez Castañer y Mena, Francisco