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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 186
Short name: The Woman whose Mother-in-law Plotted her Death Alternative: Woman rescued from burning
Incipit: Quen na Virgen santa muito fiar 
Refrain: Quen na Virgen santa muito fiar/ se o vir en coita, acorre-lo-á.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): a woman, her mother-in-law and a Moor

A woman lived in her husband’s house. Her mother-in-law despised her and plotted her death.

One day when the woman was sleeping alone, the mother-in-law ordered one of her Moorish servants to lie down beside her.

Then she summoned her son and showed him his sleeping wife. The husband wanted to kill his wife, but his mother advised him to report the affair to the magistrate.

The magistrate and many other witnesses saw the woman in bed with the Moor. They seized them and led them to the town square.

The people lit a fire and cast the pair into the flames. The Moor was burnt to death, but the people saw a lady protecting the woman in the midst of the fire.

When the woman came out of the fire, she told the people that the Virgin had delivered her.

Metrical data
Stanza: 11 11 11 11 Refrain: 11 11
No. of Stanzas: 16
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T185, E186
Poncelet reference
None
Keywords
apparition, burning, execution, false accusation, magistrate, mother-in-law, Muslims/Moors, servant
Discography
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
BITAGAP ID
3937
Bibliography
Dos preconceitos de Afonso X, o Sábio
Bagby Jr., Alberto I.
Some Characterizations of the Moor in Alfonso X’s Cantigas
Bagby, Albert
Cantiga 186: Alfonso’s Adaptation of the Accused Queen Tale
Benaim de Lasry, Anita
Heretics and Infidels: the Cantigas de Santa María as Ideological Instrument of Cultural Codfication
Bollo Panadero, María Dolores
’Textos de persecución’: formación ideológica y hegemonía en la literatura castellana de los siglos XII-XV
Bollo Panadero, María Dolores
La miniatura gótica española
Camón Aznar, José
Contribution à l’étude des Cantigas d’Alphonse le Savant d’apres les codices de l’Escurial
Collet, Henri, and Luis Villalba
Art of Estrangement: Redefining Jews in Reconquest Spain
Patton, Pamela A.