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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 19
Short name: The Three Knights Alternative: The Three Soldiers
Incipit: Gran sandece faz quen se por mal filla
Refrain: Gran sandece faz quen se por mal filla/ cona que de Deus é Madre e Filla.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): three men

Three men chased an enemy of theirs into a church and locked him in.

They then hacked him to death in front of the altar.

They tried to leave the church, but could not.

They could not grasp their weapons and their bodies became inflamed.

They begged the Virgin for mercy, repented of their sins, and were cured.

They confessed to the archbishop who told them to go into exile. The swords with which they had killed the man were made into girdles, which they wore as penance as they wandered through Sicily.

Metrical data
Stanza: 11\' 11\' 11\' 11\' Refrain: 10\' 10\'
No. of Stanzas: 8
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T19, E19, To18
Poncelet reference
Cum odio haberent quendam virum et quaererent illum (289)
Keywords
altar, bishop, imprisonment, inflammation, murder, penance, archbishop, confession (see also repentance), exile , exit (barred), sanctuary (right of), sword, vengeance (divine)
Discography
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
The Three Soldiers Thott
(Copenhagen, Royal Library, MS Thott 128)
The Three Soldiers Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
The Three Soldiers Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
The Three Soldiers BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
The Three Soldiers Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
The Three Soldiers Gonzalo de Berceo
The Three Soldiers Madrid Mariale
(Madrid, B.N., MS 110)
The Three Soldiers William of Malmesbury
The Three Soldiers BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
Three Knights Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
Three Knights Johannes Herolt
Three Knights Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
Three Knights Paris Mariale 1
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale 14463)
Three Knights BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
BITAGAP ID
3736
Bibliography
Doctrina teológica y leyendas pías en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X, el Sabio
Alcalá, Ángel
A Paleographic Edition of the Alfonsine Collection of Prose Miracles of the Virgin
Chatham, James R.
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Los poetas del Guadiana a Alfonso el Sabio
Gonzalez Lara, José, director de publicación
Daily Living as Presented in the Canticles of Alfonso the Learned
Keller, John Esten
A Feasible Source of the Denouements of the Exemplos in El Conde Lucanor
Keller, John Esten
Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X, O Sábio: aspectos culturais e literários
Vaz Leão, Angela