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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
For new critical texts of the poems, return to the listing page and click on the poem number, or go to the archive of texts .
For epigraphs and layout information click on the appropriate manuscript location.
For information on Latin and vernacular sources of miracle stories follow the links to Miracles and collections. Follow the links to the appropriate pages of Todd McComb and Pierre Roberge's online discography, to the BITAGAP archive, and to linked entries in the Bibliography.
|CSM Number : 195|
|Short name:||The Girl Named Mary|
|Incipit:||Quen a festa e o dia|
|Refrain:||Quen a festa e o dia/ da mui Groriosa/ quiser guardar todavia/ seer-ll-á piadosa.|
|Summary of narrative|
|Setting:||unspecified||Protagonist(s):||a young woman and a knight|
A knight was on his way to a tournament when he happened to see a beautiful young girl in a garden. He was consumed with lust for her and offered to provide for her if her father would let him sleep with her. The girl’s father, who was poor, did a dishonourable thing—-he gave her to the knight.\r\n
When the knight had taken her to his lodgings, the poor girl started crying. She told him that her name was Mary and that she had always observed Saturday evenings and kept vigil in honour of the Virgin. When the knight realised that she was so religious, he regretted his actions. He ordered her to be taken to the abbey of St Clement in Toulouse and commended to the abbess.\r\n
The knight then made his way to a tournament. He was killed violently. They buried him in a field.\r\n
The girl at the convent suspected that his life was in danger and grew concerned. The Virgin appeared to her and told him that he was now at peace. She ordered her to tell the abbess to go to the place where the knight had been killed. She told her that she would recognise it because a red rose would be blooming at that place.
The girl did as instructed, but the arrogant abbess rebuffed her and dismissed her suggestion.
The Virgin then appeared yet again to the girl and told her to return to the abbess, She said that the girl should inform her of some grave sins that she had committed.After listening to the girl, the abbess immediately set off to find the knight’s body. She had it disinterred, and despite prohibitions, took him from that place and buried him as he deserved.\r\nFrom that time on, the girl lived much more happily than she had before when the nasty abbess had abused her.\r\n
|Stanza:||5' 5' 5' 5' 5' 7' 5'||Refrain:||7' 5' 7' 5'|
|No. of Stanzas:||25|
|Rhyme scheme:||ABAB | cccabcb||Zejel:||Yes|
|T195, T195, E195|
|Ad tornamentum miles cum plebe clientum Perrexit (32)|
|abbess, burial, chastity, ground (unconsecrated), knight, lust, maiden, roses, Saturday (devoted to Virgin Mary), squire, tournament, virginity|
|Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem|
|Girl Named Mary||Vincent de Beauvais
|Girl Named Mary||Miraculorum B. Mariae. libri III
|Girl Named Mary||BL Mariale 5
(London, BL, Additional MS 15723, Collection 2, ff. 70-92)
|Girl Named Mary||Jean Gobi
|Girl Named Mary||Jean Mielot, Miracles de Nostre Dame
(Oxford, Bodleian, Douce MS 374)
|Girl Named Mary||Johannes Herolt
|Antología de prosa y verso. Versión moderna, introducción, notas y vocabulario de Alfredo Eduardo Fraschini|
Alfonso el Sabio
|Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]|
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
|La literatura caballeresca en la obra de Alfonso X|
Montoya Martínez, Jesús
|Antología de Alfonso el Sabio|
|La pecadora penitente en el teatro español: Sus fuentes y evolución|
Sánchez Castañer y Mena, Francisco
|Alfonso X, el Sabio. Antología|
Solalinde, Antonio G.