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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 26
Short name: The Pilgrim to Santiago Alternative: Pilgrim of St. James
Incipit: Non é gran cousa se sabe | bon joizo dar
Refrain: Non é gran cousa se sabe | bon joizo dar/ a madre do que o mundo/ tod’ á de joigar.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: On the way to Santiago de Compostela Protagonist(s): a pilgrim to Santiago de Compostela

A man made an annual pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela.

One time, before setting off, he spent the night with a prostitute and left on his journey without confessing his sins.

The devil, appeared to him “whiter then ermine” / “mais branco que un armyo” in the guise of St James. He commanded him to cut off his penis and to slit his throat.

The pilgrim did as he was told and was found dead by his companions. They ran away so they would not be accused of murdering him.

Demons came to carry away the pilgrim’s soul. As they were bearing it aloft, they passed a chapel dedicated to St Peter, and St James rushed out and accused them of winning the soul deceitfully. The demons protested that the pilgrim had committed evil deeds and committed suicide. St James suggested the Virgin settle the dispute over the soul.

Mary ordered the soul to be returned to the pilgrim’s body and he was revived. However, his member was not restored.

Metrical data
Stanza: 10’ 10’ 13 [7’ 5] 14 [7’ 6] Refrain: 13 [7’ 5] 14 [7’ 6]
No. of Stanzas: 14
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbaa Zejel:
MS locations:
T26, E26, To24
Poncelet reference
Ad sanctum tendens Iacobum / vir hostem vidit reprobum (30)
Keywords
castration, devils, genitals, impersonation, penis, pilgrimage, prostitute, resurrection, Saint James, Saint Peter, soul, suicide, throat (cut)
Discography
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Pilgrim of St. James Pez
Pilgrim of St. James Thott
(Copenhagen, Royal Library, MS Thott 128)
Pilgrim of St. James Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
Pilgrim of St. James Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
The Pilgrim of St James Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
Pilgrim of St. James John of Garland
Pilgrim of St. James Gonzalo de Berceo
Pilgrim of St. James Madrid Mariale
(Madrid, B.N., MS 110)
Pilgrim of St. James Gautier de Coinci
The Pilgrim of St James William of Malmesbury
Pilgrim of St. James BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
Pilgrim of St. James Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
The Pilgrim of St James Pseudo-Caesarius
Pilgrim of St. James Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
The Pilgrim of St James BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
BITAGAP ID
3743
Bibliography
Cantigas de Santa Maria do rei don Alfonso
Alfonso X , o Sábio
Santiago y maria: el milagro del peregrino engañado por el diablo
Brea, Mercedes
Un gran milagro y sus versiones en las colecciones iberorrománicas de los Milagros de Santiago
Brea, Mercedes
Il libro etiopico d ei miracoli di Maria e le sue fonti nelle letterature del Medio Evo latino
Cerulli, E.
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
La cultura monástica en las Cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X: pervivencia, adopción y reelaboración
Disalvo, Santiago
Imagen e intención. La representación de Santiago Apóstol en los manuscritos de las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Fernández Fernández, Laura
Afonso X e Galicia, e unha escolma de cantigas
Filgueira Valverde, José
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Compostela y los trovadores
García-Sabell Tormo, Teresa
Detour and Disruption of the Pilgrimage to Santiago in Cantiga XXVI of the Cantigas de Santa María
Gardner, John.
A retórica visual no Códice Rico das Cantigas de Santa María
Iacob, Mihai
Confession in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
MacKay, Angus, & Geraldine McKendrick
Viajeros y Peregrinos en las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Manzi, Ofelia, & Francisco Corti
Itinéraire espagnol du conte médiéval (VIIIs-XVs)
Marsan, Rameline E.
Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy
Marullo, Teresa
Alfonso X the Learned. Cantigas de Santa Maria. An Anthology
Parkinson, Stephen
La pecadora penitente en el teatro español: Sus fuentes y evolución
Sánchez Castañer y Mena, Francisco
A Selected and Annotated Discography of Recordings of Music from the Middle Ages in Spain
Tinnell, Roger D.
Historia de la literatura gallega.
Varela Jácome, Benito
Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X, O Sábio: aspectos culturais e literários
Vaz Leão, Angela