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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 3
Short name: Theophilus
Incipit: Mais nos faz Santa Maria/ a seu fillo perdõar
Refrain: Mais nos faz Santa Maria/ a seu fillo perdõar/ que nos per nossa folia/ ll’ imos falir e errar.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): Theophilus

The narrator explains that Adam, who sinned by tasting the apple, was saved by the intercession of the Virgin. She asked her Son to rescue Adam from hell.

A man named Theophilus made a pact with the devil in order to gain power.

The devil made Theophilus sign a charter, deny the Virgin, and declare that he did not believe in God.

After Theophilus had made the pact, he served the devil for a while. Then he repented, weeping in front of a statue of the Virgin and begging her pardon.

The Virgin made the devil fetch the charter.

The Virgin returned the charter to Theophilus.

Metrical data
Stanza: 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 Refrain: 7’ 7 7’ 7
No. of Stanzas: 5
Rhyme scheme: ABAB | cdcdcdcb Zejel:
MS locations:
T3, E3, To3
Poncelet reference
Anno Dñi 553 (al. 536, al. 538) Theophilus in quadam urbe (74)
Keywords
apparition, blasphemy, charter, confession (see also repentance), contract, image (of Virgin Mary), Jews, pact, treason, vassal (of devil)
Discography
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Theophilus Vincent de Beauvais
Theophilus John of Garland
Theophilus Legenda Aurea (Voragine)
Theophilus Gonzalo de Berceo
Theophilus Gautier de Coinci
Theophilus William of Malmesbury
Theophilus Adgar
(London, BL, Egerton 612)
Theophilus Nigel of Canterbury
(London, BL, MS Cotton Vespasian D.xix)
Theophilus Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Theophilus Johannes Herolt
Theophilus Dominic of Evesham
(Oxford, Balliol College, MS 240, ff. 137-148)
Theophilus Cornell Mariale
(Cornell, MS B.14)
Theophilus Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
Theophilus Paris Mariale 1
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale 14463)
Theophilus BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
Theophilus BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
BITAGAP ID
3720
Bibliography
Cantigas de Santa Maria do rei don Alfonso
Alfonso X , o Sábio
El milagro de Teófilo. Texto dramático y texto narrativo
Brea, Mercedes
Los clérigos, las ’cantigas’ y las ’Siete Partidas’
Cash, Annette Grant
A Paleographic Edition of the Alfonsine Collection of Prose Miracles of the Virgin
Chatham, James R.
The Alfonsine Prose Theophilus Legend: A Reading Text
Chatham, James R.
Imágenes de la Virgen en los códices medievales de España
Delclaux, Federico
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Algunas notas sobre la presencia de elementos tipológicos o figurativos en los ’Milagros’ de Gonzalo de Berceo y en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X
Disalvo, Santiago
La cultura monástica en las Cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X: pervivencia, adopción y reelaboración
Disalvo, Santiago
De amor y de burlas. Antología de la poesía medieval gallego-portugués
Fidalgo, Elvira
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Imágenes vivientes: idolatría y herejía en las Cantigas de Alfonso X
García Avilés, Alejandro
Anthologie der geistigen kultur auf der Pyraenhalbinsel (mittelalter)
Giese, Wilhelm
Anti-Semitism in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
Hatton, Vikki, and Angus MacKay
A retórica visual no Códice Rico das Cantigas de Santa María
Iacob, Mihai
The Influence of the Theophilus Legend: An Overlooked Miniature in Alfonso X’s Cantigas de Santa Maria and its Wider Context
Jackson, Deirdre Elizabeth
Las traducciones castellanas de las Cantigas de Santa María
Keller, John E. and Robert W. Linker
Verbalization and Visualization in the Cantigas de Santa María
Keller, John Esten
A Feasible Source of the Denouements of the Exemplos in El Conde Lucanor
Keller, John Esten
Itinéraire espagnol du conte médiéval (VIIIs-XVs)
Marsan, Rameline E.
O Livro dos Milagres da Bem-aventurada Virgem Maria
Martins, Mário
Cantigas de Santa Maria e cancioneiros galaico-portugueses
Martins, Mário
O pacto com o demónio em fontes medievais portuguesas: Teófilo e Fr. Gil de Santarém
Nascimento, Aires Augusto
Milagres Medievais numa colectânea mariana alcobacense. Edição crítica, tradução e estudo
Nascimento, Aries Augusto, ed.
Discourses of Judaizing and Judaism in Medieval Spain
Nirenberg, David
Art of Estrangement: Redefining Jews in Reconquest Spain
Patton, Pamela A.
Constructing the Inimical Jew in the Cantigas de Santa Maria: Theophilus' Magician in Text and Image
Patton, Pamela A.
Os afazeres do demónio nas Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X
Rodrigues, Maria Idalina Resina
La dialéctica texto-imagen. A propósito de la representación del judío en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X
Rodríguez Barral, Paulino
Alfonso X, el rey sabio ¿tolerante con la minoría judía? Una lectura emblemática de las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Roitman, Gisela
La Virgin como personaje dramático en Le miracle de Théophile de Rutebeuf
Ruiz Álvarez, Rafael
Las Cantigas del Rey Sabio
Valera, Juan