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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 309
Short name: The Snow that Fell in Rome in August Alternative: Snow falls in Rome in August
Incipit: Non deven por maravilla/ tẽer
Refrain: Non deven por maravilla/ tẽer en querer Deus Padre/ mostrar mui grandes miragres/ pola bẽeita sa Madre.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Rome Protagonist(s): the Pope and the Emperor

After Rome had been converted to Christianity, there was a holy pope and a good emperor who where both devoted to the Virgin.

At that time, there was no church dedicated to the Virgin, so the Romans wanted to build a large and noble one. Because no one could agree where to build the church, a good man suggested that they wait for a divine sign.

One night as the Pope lay sleeping, the Virgin appeared to him. She instructed him to tell the Roman citizens to build her church where snow would fall thickly in the middle of August.

The Emperor had the same vision on the very same night. He told the Pope how the Virgin had predicted it would snow at the appointed place on her feast day in August.

When the feast came, the snow fell and covered an entire field. They bought the land.

When the Roman citizens heard about the miracle, they donated money and labour. They laid the foundations where God had caused it to snow, and built a large and beautiful church in honour of the Virgin.

Metrical data
Stanza: 15' 15' 15' 15' Refrain: 15' 15'
No. of Stanzas: 14
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
F15, E309
Poncelet reference
apparition, Assumption (feast of), church (construction of) , dream, emperor, feast day, money (offering of), offerings, pope, snow, vision
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Snow falls in Rome in August Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Viaje a Italia a través de las Cantigas Historiadas de Alfonso X el Sabio
Molina López, Laura
La leggenda della Madonna delle Neve e la CSM 309 di Alfonso el Sabio
Peláez, Mario
Trifoglio. Un viaggio fantastico, in portoghese - Dal canzoniere francese di Siena - Dalle cantiche di Alfonso X
Teza, Emilio