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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 34
Short name: The Desecrated Image of the Virgin Alternative: The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine]
Incipit: Gran dereit’ é que fill’ o demo por escarmento
Refrain: Gran dereit’ é que fill’ o demo por escarmento/ quen contra Santa Maria filla atrevemento.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Constantinople Protagonist(s): a Jew and a Christian

A beautiful image of the Virgin, painted on wood, hung in a street in Constantinople.

One night a Jewish man stole it, threw it down a latrine and defecated on it.

The devil killed him and he went to perdition.

Afterwards, a Christian retrieved the image. It gave off a very sweet fragrance, better than spices from “Ultramar”, balsam or unguent

The Christian washed it, set it up in his house, and made offerings to it for his salvation.

The image emitted a substance like oil to serve as a testimony of this event.

Metrical data
Stanza: 13’ 13’ 13’ 13’ Refrain: 13’ 13’
No. of Stanzas: 7
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbaa Zejel:
MS locations:
T34, E34, To36
Poncelet reference
Ad idem ubi supra legitur: In Cpoli civitate Iudaeus imaginem (20)
Keywords
iconoclasts, image (of Virgin Mary), Jews, oil (exuded from image), spices, thief/ thieves, toilet
Discography
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Vincent de Beauvais
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] John of Garland
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Gautier de Coinci
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] William of Malmesbury
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Adgar
(London, BL, Egerton 612)
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Miraculorum B. Mariae. libri III
(Reims 1400)
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Jean Gobi
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Jean Mielot, Miracles de Nostre Dame
(Oxford, Bodleian, Douce MS 374)
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
Mary Image Insulted Paris Mariale 1
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale 14463)
The Virgin's Image Insulted [latrine] BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
BITAGAP ID
3751
Bibliography
Obras de Alfonso X (Selección)
Alfonso X
Cantigas de Santa Maria — El Cantar de los cantares — Sonetos — Coplas que hizo por la muerte de su padre D. Rodrigo
Alfonso X el Sabio and others
Les Cantigas de Santa Maria de don Alfonso el Sabio
Aubry, Pierre
The Jew in the Cántigas of Alfonso X, el Sabio
Bagby, Albert
Heretics and Infidels: the Cantigas de Santa María as Ideological Instrument of Cultural Codfication
Bollo Panadero, María Dolores
Iconos dentro de la miniaturas de las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Corti, Francisco
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Filgueira Valverde, José
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Itinéraire espagnol du conte médiéval (VIIIs-XVs)
Marsan, Rameline E.
Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy
Marullo, Teresa
Constructing the Inimical Jew in the Cantigas de Santa Maria: Theophilus' Magician in Text and Image
Patton, Pamela A.
Art of Estrangement: Redefining Jews in Reconquest Spain
Patton, Pamela A.
Cantigues d’Anfós el Savi
Pedrell, Felipe
La dialéctica texto-imagen. A propósito de la representación del judío en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X
Rodríguez Barral, Paulino
Alfonso X, el rey sabio ¿tolerante con la minoría judía? Una lectura emblemática de las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Roitman, Gisela
Mother of God. A History of the Virgin Mary
Rubin, MIri
Alfonso X el Sabio y la pintura sobre tabla
Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier
Copistas, cancioneros, editores. Tres problemas para a lírica galega medieval
Tavani, Giuseppe
Os judeus na Espanha do século XIII, segundo as Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X o Sábio
Teensma, B. N.
Recordings of Las [sic] Cantigas de Santa Maria Contained in the Facsimile Edition Published by Edilán (Madrid 1979)
Tinnell, Roger D.