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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
For new critical texts of the poems, return to the listing page and click on the poem number, or go to the archive of texts .
For epigraphs and layout information click on the appropriate manuscript location.
For information on Latin and vernacular sources of miracle stories follow the links to Miracles and collections. Follow the links to the appropriate pages of Todd McComb and Pierre Roberge's online discography, to the BITAGAP archive, and to linked entries in the Bibliography.
|CSM Number : 54|
|Short name:||The Monk who was Healed by the Virgin’s Milk||Alternative:||Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead|
|Incipit:||Toda saude da Santa Reỹa/ ven|
|Refrain:||Toda saude da Santa Reỹa/ ven, ca ela é nossa meezỹa.|
|Summary of narrative|
|Setting:||unspecified||Protagonist(s):||a Cistercian monk|
A monk dutifully observed the canonical hours and was devoted to the Virgin.
He was afflicted with a disease of the throat that caused his face and throat to swell. He could not swallow food and the sores “smelled worse than a cadaver.”
The other monks, thinking his death was imminent, decided to perform last rites.
The Virgin appeared to the monk and cleansed his sores with a napkin. She sprinkled milk from her breasts on the monk’s mouth and face and his complexion cleared.
The Virgin assured the monk that she had come to heal him and promised him that when he died he would go to Paradise [lit: “ where St Catherine is”]. Then she departed.
The monk who had been ill got up, and the other monks assembled to marvel at his miraculous cure.
|Stanza:||10' 10' 10' 10'||Refrain:||10' 10'|
|No. of Stanzas:||15|
|Rhyme scheme:||AA | bbba||Zejel:||Yes|
|T54, E54, To69|
|Erat quidam frater qui in coenobio / militabat caelorum (461)|
|canonical hours, Cistercians, cowl, extreme unction, illness, milk (of Virgin Mary), monks, Saint Catherine of Alexandria, throat, anoint, apparition|
|Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem|
|Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead||Pez
|Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead||Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
|Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead||Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
|Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead||BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
|Milk: Tongue and Lips Restored||Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
|Milk: Tongue and Lips Restored||John of Garland
|Milk: Tongue and Lips Restored||Gautier de Coinci
|Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead||Adgar
(London, BL, Egerton 612)
|Milk: Tongue and Lips Restored||BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
|Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead||Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
|Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead||Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
|Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead||BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
|España en su historia: cristianos, moros y judíos|
|Narrativa visual de la enfermedad en las Cantigas de Santa María|
|Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]|
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
|La cultura monástica en las Cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X: pervivencia, adopción y reelaboración|
|Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio|
|Seeing is Believing: The Miniatures in the Cantigas de Santa Maria and Medieval Devotional Practices|
|Singers of the Virgin in Thirteenth-Century Spain|
Marchand, James, & Spurgeon Baldwin
|Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy|
|The Miracles Came in Two by Two: Paired Narratives in the Cantigas de Santa Maria|
|Sobre tres pasajes estraños de las Cantigas de Santa María|
Pensado Tomé, José Luis
|Correspondence of the Spanish Miracles of the Virgin|
|A música da lírica galego-portuguesa medieval: un labor de reconstrucción arqueolóxica e intertextual a partir das relacións entre o texto e a música|
Rossell i Mayo, Antoni
|Las Cantigas del Rey Sabio|
|Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X, O Sábio: aspectos culturais e literários|
Vaz Leão, Angela