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CSM Number : 65
Short name: The Excommunicate who Won Absolution Alternative: Excommunicate Absolved by Foolish Servant of Mary
Incipit: A creer devemos que todo pecado
Refrain: A creer devemos que todo pecado/ Deus pola sa Madr’ aver perdõado.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Rome, Montaña Negra, and Alexandria; mention of Toledo Protagonist(s): an excommunicate

A man lived a sinful life and did not pay any attention to his priest’s admonitions. Eventually, to chasten him, the priest excommunicated him. The man paid no heed to this either until he fell ill, felt guilty, and wished to take communion. By this time his priest had died, so he asked advice of another. The priest told him to go to Rome and see the pope.

The excommunicated man went to Rome and met with the pope who instructed one of his counsellors to absolve him. The counsellor demanded something in return and since the man had nothing, he went away without receiving absolution. He wandered all over and came to Montaña Negra where he met a holy man. He told him his predicament and the holy man, giving him a letter of introduction, sent him to find a mad man in Alexandria. He assured the sceptical man that the mad man would help him.

The man went to Alexandria, but couldn’t find the mad man. At last he saw him, a skinny, scruffy fellow, being abused by the people. As night began to fall, he followed the mad man out of town to an old church covered with ivy. The mad man entered the church and prayed before the altar. He no longer seemed mad at all. The man gave him the letter and the mad man instructed him to stay in the church overnight.

At midnight, Mary and the saints appeared above the altar. They sang matins and the mad man joined in, singing the words by heart. After they had finished singing, the mad man summoned the excommunicate. He explained to the Virgin the man’s problem. She told him to examine the saints and see if he could find among them the priest who had excommunicated him.

He did so, and the priest absolved him on Mary’s orders. The man who had been absolved insisted on staying at the church with the mad man.

The mad man confessed that he was actually sane and had been the lord of that land. When his family died, he became disillusioned and lived a life of adversity. He predicted that he would die within fifteen days. They stayed there together and then the mad man died, just as he had said. He became a saint and performed miracles. The man he had helped absolve watched over his tomb.

Metrical data
Stanza: 11' 11' 11' 11' Refrain: 11' 11'
No. of Stanzas: 50
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T65, E65, To88
Poncelet reference
Erat quidam mirae sanctitatis presbyter, qui quendam (467)
Keywords
angels, apparition, barley, bread, excommunication, exile , hermitage, illness, impersonation, letter , madness, matins, penance, pope, priest , Saints (other), vision, hermit
Discography
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Excommunicate Absolved by Foolish Servant of Mary BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
Excommunicate Absolved by Foolish Servant of Mary Jean Mielot, Miracles de Nostre Dame
(Oxford, Bodleian, Douce MS 374)
Excommunicate Absolved by Foolish Servant of Mary Vendôme Collection
(Vendôme, Bibliothèque Publique MS 185)
Excommunicate Absolved by Foolish Servant of Mary Paris Mariale 1
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale 14463)
BITAGAP ID
3782
Bibliography
La Virgen María: la poesía de las 'Cantigas’ y el lenguaje de las leyes
Baldwin, Spurgeon W.
A History of the Zéjel in Spanish, Portuguese and Catalan Literatures
Brown, Donna F.
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
El planto en la historia y en la literatura gallega
Filgueira Valverde, José
Cantigas armonizadas y adaptadas al órgano por Jesús Guridi
Guridi, Jesús
Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy
Marullo, Teresa
Tres cantigas del rey
Orbón, Julián
Cantigues d’Anfós el Savi
Pedrell, Felipe
Cantiga LXI de Alfonso el Sabio
Pedrell, Felipe
Seis cantigas, transcriptas y harmonizadas con acompañamiento de órgano o harmonio. Textos originales y versiones en castellano
Pedrell, Felipe
Cancionero musical popular español
Pedrell, Felipe
Cuatro cantigas. XXVIII. LX. LXI. LXV.
Pedrell, Felipe
Tres ensayos sobre el arte en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso el Sabio
Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier
Tratado teórico práctico de Canto Gregoriano según la verdadera tradición
Uriarte, P. Eustaquio de