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CSM Number : 7
Short name: The Pregnant Abbess Alternative: Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess]
Incipit: Santa Maria amar
Refrain: Santa Maria amar/ devemos muit’ e rogar/ que a sa graça ponna/ sobre nos por que errar/ non nos faça nen pecar/ o demo sen vergonna.
Summary of narrative
View Options: (Narrative Miniature Narrative & Miniature Miniature & Caption Narrative, Miniature & Both Captions )
Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): an abbess

An abbess became pregnant by her steward.

How the nuns accused the abbess who was pregnant before the bishop.

Como as monjas acusaron ant’ o bispo a abadessa que era prenne.

At centre, a seated bishop clasps a book. Two nuns enter to the right.
No centro, un bispo sentado sostén un libro na man. Dúas monxas entran á dereita.

The nuns in her charge discovered her indiscretion and were vindictive.

How the bishop went to see the abbess in the convent.

Como o bispo foi veer a abadessa ao moẽsteiro.

The bishop and his companions ride out of the city.
O bispo e os seus compañeiros saen da cidade de a cabalo.

They accused the abbess to their bishop, who travelled from Cologne.

How the abbess and the nuns who accused her appeared before the bishop.

Como vẽeron ant’ o bispo a abadessa e as monjas que a acusaron.

The bishop sits on the left. He gestures at an abbess who approaches him, accompanied by four nuns.
O bispo aparece sentado á esquerda. Fai un xesto á abadesa, que se aproxima a el acompañada por catro monxas.

He summoned her.

How Mary removed the abbess’s child through her side.

Como Santa Maria fez sacar o fillo a abadessa pelo costado.

The abbess sleeps in front of an altar. The Virgin stands behind her. Two angels deliver the child through the abbess's side.
A abadesa dorme en fronte do altar. A Virxe permanece detrás dela. Dous anxos toman o Neno a través dun lado da abadesa.

After meeting with the bishop, the abbess prayed to the Virgin. Mary appeared to her, as if in a dream, and had the baby delivered and sent to Soissons to be raised.

How the angel gave the child of the abbess to a hermit to be brought up.

Como o angeo deu a criar o fillo da abadessa a un hermitan.

An angel gives the baby to a hermit who stands in front of his hut in a grassy clearing. Trees and flowers surround the hut.
Un anxo dá o bebé a un ermitán que permanece en fronte da súa cabana nun verdoso claro. Árbores e flores rodean a cabana.

The abbess appeared before the bishop and he made her undress. He declared her innocent and berated the nuns.

How the abbess disrobed before the bishop and was cleared of the accusation.

Como a abadessa se despojou ant’ o bispo e foi livre da acusaçon.

The abbess, stripped to the waist, stands before the bishop who is seated on the left. Two kneeling nuns flank the abbess and tug at her habit, as if forcing her to remove it. A group of nuns are on the right, and clerics on the left.
A abadesa, núa ata a cintura, permanece en pé ante o bispo, que está sentado á esquerda. Dúas monxas axeonlladas flanquean á abadesa e tiran do seu hábito, como se estivesen forzándoa a quitalo. Un grupo de monxas aparecen á dereita, e un grupo de cregos á esquerda.

Metrical data
Stanza: 7 7 6' 7 7 6' 7 7 6' 7 7 6' Refrain: 7 7 6' 7 7 6'
No. of Stanzas: 4
Rhyme scheme: AABAAB |ccdccdaabaab Zejel:
MS locations:
T7, E7, To6
Poncelet reference
Abbatissa fuit, flos claustri, forma sororum, Iustitiae (4)
Keywords
abbess, apparition, bishop, caesarean, childbirth, nun, children, pregnancy, steward, hermit
Discography
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Pez
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Thott
(Copenhagen, Royal Library, MS Thott 128)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Vincent de Beauvais
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] John of Garland
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Gonzalo de Berceo
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Madrid Mariale
(Madrid, B.N., MS 110)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Gautier de Coinci
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] William of Malmesbury
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Adgar
(London, BL, Egerton 612)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Nigel of Canterbury
(London, BL, MS Cotton Vespasian D.xix)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Miraculorum B. Mariae. libri III
(Reims 1400)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] BL Mariale 5
(London, BL, Additional MS 15723, Collection 2, ff. 70-92)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Jean Gobi
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Jean Mielot, Miracles de Nostre Dame
(Oxford, Bodleian, Douce MS 374)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Jean Mielot, Miracles de Nostre Dame
(Oxford, Bodleian, Douce MS 374)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Vendôme Collection
(Vendôme, Bibliothèque Publique MS 185)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Johannes Herolt
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Dominic of Evesham
(Oxford, Balliol College, MS 240, ff. 137-148)
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Li Miracoli de Senta Maria
Abbess Delivered [Pregnant Abbess] Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
BITAGAP ID
3724
Bibliography
Doctrina teológica y leyendas pías en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X, el Sabio
Alcalá, Ángel
Cantigas de Santa Maria do rei don Alfonso
Alfonso X , o Sábio
Estudio semiótico comparado de la Cantiga 7 de Alfonso X, el Sabio y el Milagro XXI de Gonzalo de Berceo
Barrado Belmar, Mari Carmen
Las colecciones universales de milagros de la Virgen hasta Gonzalo de Berceo
Bayo, Juan Carlos
Mecanismos de envolvimento da instância autoral nas Cantigas de Santa Maria
Bittencourt, Vanda de Oliveira
Cantigas en versión para arpa de María Rosa Calvo- Manzano
Calvo- Manzano, María Rosa
Los clérigos, las ’cantigas’ y las ’Siete Partidas’
Cash, Annette Grant
A Paleographic Edition of the Alfonsine Collection of Prose Miracles of the Virgin
Chatham, James R.
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Algunas notas sobre la presencia de elementos tipológicos o figurativos en los ’Milagros’ de Gonzalo de Berceo y en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X
Disalvo, Santiago
La cultura monástica en las Cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X: pervivencia, adopción y reelaboración
Disalvo, Santiago
Berceo y Alfonso: la historia de la abadesa encinta
Diz, M. Ana
Reflexiones sobre las “Cantigas de Santa María” y su relación con otros mariales romances
Fidalgo Francisco, Elvira
La abadesa preñada (Berceo 21). Seis versiones románicas y tres en latín
Fidalgo, Elvira
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Posiciones fetales, aborto, cesárea e infanticidio. Un acercamiento a la ginecología y puericultura hispánica a través de tres manuscritos medievales
González Hernando, Irene
La conmixtura modal en la Cantigas de Santa María
Huseby, Gerardo Víctor
A retórica visual no Códice Rico das Cantigas de Santa María
Iacob, Mihai
The Virgin and the Pregnant Abbess: Miracles and Gender in the Middle Ages
Karras, Ruth Mazo
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Keller, John E. and Robert W. Linker
On the Morality of Berceo, Don Juan Manuel, and Juan Ruiz
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A Feasible Source of the Denouements of the Exemplos in El Conde Lucanor
Keller, John Esten
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Longland, Jean R.
’Ona’, um arcaísmo galego-português. Breve contributo para o estudo das fórmulas de tratamento na língua medieval galego-portuguesa
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Marullo, Teresa
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Parkinson, Stephen
Aberturas e finais: rubricas, refrães, estrofes iniciais e estrofes terminais nas Cantigas de Santa Maria
Parkinson, Stephen
Afonso X, un de bolonna e a abadessa prenne
Ramos, Maria Ana, & Luciano Rossi
Oña y su monasterio en el pasado de Castilla, historia y toponimia. Contribució al milenario de su abadia benedictina (1011-2011)
Rojo Díez, Eduardo
La pecadora penitente en el teatro español: Sus fuentes y evolución
Sánchez Castañer y Mena, Francisco
The Virgin as Midwife: Verbalization and Visualization in Alfonso X’s Cantigas de Santa Maria
Scarborough, Connie, L.
A Selected and Annotated Discography of Recordings of Music from the Middle Ages in Spain
Tinnell, Roger D.
Alfonso X, el Sabio
Valdeon Baruque, Julio
As Cantigas de Santa Maria
Vaz Leão, Angela