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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 123
Short name: The Dying Franciscan who Banished the Devils Alternative: Devils flee from candle held by dying Franciscan
Incipit: De Santa Maria sinal qual xe quer
Refrain: De Santa Maria sinal qual xe quer/ valrrá muit’ a quen en ela ben crever.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Vitoria Protagonist(s): a Franciscan

A Franciscan, who had joined the order when he was a child and had lived a good life, approached death.

As he lay dying, his body became contorted and black. His face grew unbelievably ugly.

Another friar lit a candle of the Virgin and placed it in the dying man’s hand. The black colour faded and the monk’s face grew white, although a doctor from Montpellier had not treated him.

Nevertheless, to the sorrow of his fellow friars, he died within a few days.

The friars decided to recite the complete psalter, trusting God to reveal to them the destination of the dead friar’s soul.

The dead friar appeared to two of the brothers. He explained that before he died, his face had turned black because he had seen devils. He claimed that the candles had made the devils flee. He said that wise people would always carry some token of the Virgin and assured them that she had come to his aid.

Metrical data
Stanza: 11 11 11 11 Refrain: 11 11
No. of Stanzas: 10
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T123, E123
Poncelet reference
apparition, candle, death (hour of), devils, doctor (medical), face, Franciscans, Psalms (saying of), Psalter
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Another Aspect of the Virgin Mary in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
Davis, Jr, William Richard
Os afazeres do demónio nas Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X
Rodrigues, Maria Idalina Resina