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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 195
Short name: The Girl Named Mary
Incipit: Quen a festa e o dia
Refrain: Quen a festa e o dia/ da mui Groriosa/ quiser guardar todavia/ seer-ll-á piadosa.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): a young woman and a knight

A knight was on his way to a tournament when he happened to see a beautiful young girl in a garden. He was consumed with lust for her and offered to provide for her if her father would let him sleep with her. The girl’s father, who was poor, did a dishonourable thing—-he gave her to the knight.rn

When the knight had taken her to his lodgings, the poor girl started crying. She told him that her name was Mary and that she had always observed Saturday evenings and kept vigil in honour of the Virgin. When the knight realised that she was so religious, he regretted his actions. He ordered her to be taken to the abbey of St Clement in Toulouse and commended to the abbess.rn

The knight then made his way to a tournament. He was killed violently. They buried him in a field.rn

The girl at the convent suspected that his life was in danger and grew concerned. The Virgin appeared to her and told him that he was now at peace. She ordered her to tell the abbess to go to the place where the knight had been killed. She told her that she would recognise it because a red rose would be blooming at that place.

The girl did as instructed, but the arrogant abbess rebuffed her and dismissed her suggestion.

The Virgin then appeared yet again to the girl and told her to return to the abbess, She said that the girl should inform her of some grave sins that she had committed.After listening to the girl, the abbess immediately set off to find the knight’s body. She had it disinterred, and despite prohibitions, took him from that place and buried him as he deserved.rnFrom that time on, the girl lived much more happily than she had before when the nasty abbess had abused her.rn

Metrical data
Stanza: 5' 5' 5' 5' 5' 7' 5' Refrain: 7' 5' 7' 5'
No. of Stanzas: 25
Rhyme scheme: ABAB | cccabcb Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T195, T195, E195
Poncelet reference
Ad tornamentum miles cum plebe clientum Perrexit (32)
abbess, burial, chastity, ground (unconsecrated), knight, lust, maiden, roses, Saturday (devoted to Virgin Mary), squire, tournament, virginity
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Girl Named Mary Vincent de Beauvais
Girl Named Mary Miraculorum B. Mariae. libri III
(Reims 1400)
Girl Named Mary BL Mariale 5
(London, BL, Additional MS 15723, Collection 2, ff. 70-92)
Girl Named Mary Jean Gobi
Girl Named Mary Jean Mielot, Miracles de Nostre Dame
(Oxford, Bodleian, Douce MS 374)
Girl Named Mary Johannes Herolt
Antología de prosa y verso. Versión moderna, introducción, notas y vocabulario de Alfredo Eduardo Fraschini
Alfonso el Sabio
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Entre Ave y Eva: las mujeres de las Cantigas de Santa María. II. Las trabajadoras. III. Las Evas
Fidalgo, Elvira
La literatura caballeresca en la obra de Alfonso X
Montoya Martínez, Jesús
Antología de Alfonso el Sabio
Peña, Margarita
La pecadora penitente en el teatro español: Sus fuentes y evolución
Sánchez Castañer y Mena, Francisco
Alfonso X, el Sabio. Antología
Solalinde, Antonio G.