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CSM Number : 239
Short name: The Man who Swore a False Oath Alternative: Man punished for swearing false oath
Incipit: Guardar-se deve tod’ ome
Refrain: Guardar-se deve tod’ ome/ de jurar gran falsidade/ ant’ a omagen da Virgen/ que é Sennor da verdade.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Murcia Protagonist(s): two men

A man gave some money to another for safekeeping. When he needed the money, he asked for it back.

The man, to whom he had entrusted it, claimed not to have it and swore that it had never been given to him.

The owner of the money asked him to swear this before the statue of the Virgin.

The man did so, but as he was leaving the church, God caused him to feel such pain in his jaw that he could not speak.

When he got home, he summoned a Franciscan and made his confession, but he did not mention his deceit. Because of this, another pain struck him.

He was in such torment that, thinking he would die, he summoned the Franciscan once again. This time he admitted that he sworn falsely. He asked the friar to repay the man to whom he owed the money. Three days later, he died.

Metrical data
Stanza: 8 8 8 7' 8 7' Refrain: 15' 15'
No. of Stanzas: 12
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbbaba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
F21, E239
Poncelet reference
confession (see also repentance), false accusation, Franciscans, jaw, lying, money (dispute over), mute, oath, pain, repentance (see also confession), vow, warfare
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
La música de las Cantigas de Santa María del rey Alfonso el Sabio. Facsímil, transcripción y estudio crítico vol. III
Anglés, Higinio
Historia de la literatura murciana
Díez de Revenga, F. F. & M. de Paco
El reino de Murcia en las cantigas alfonsinas del códice de Florencia
Hernández Serna, Joaquín
Itinéraire espagnol du conte médiéval (VIIIs-XVs)
Marsan, Rameline E.
Aberturas e finais: rubricas, refrães, estrofes iniciais e estrofes terminais nas Cantigas de Santa Maria
Parkinson, Stephen
La cultura murciana en el reinado de Alfonso X
Torres Fontes, Juan