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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 27
Short name: The Image that Appeared in a Synagogue Alternative: Libia (a mistake for Lydda)
Incipit: Non devemos por maravilla tẽer
Refrain: Non devemos por maravilla tẽer/ d’ a madre do vencedor sempre vencer.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): the Apostles

Some Jews owned a synagogue. The Apostles bought it, intending to convert it into a church. The Jews were very displeased and went to Caesar to protest, hoping to repossess the building.

The emperor had the apostles summoned and asked them to account for the deed. They assured him that they had bought it fairly and had turned it into a church dedicated to the Virgin. The emperor ordered the building to be closed for forty days to establish who was the rightful owner.

The Apostles went to Mt Zion, were the Virgin lived, and asked her to help them. She assured them that she would.

After the time was up, the church was opened. St Peter cleaned the place in front of the altar and a painted image of the Virgin appeared to the Jews.

The Jews acknowledged the divine providence of the image and relinquished the building. It was the first church ever dedicated to the Virgin.

Later, the emperor Julian ordered the Jews to bring him the image, but it looked at them so threateningly that they did not dare to touch it.

Metrical data
Stanza: 11 11 11 11 Refrain: 11 11
No. of Stanzas: 14
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel:
MS locations:
T27, E27, To25
Poncelet reference
Bissenos proceres Salvator misit in orbem Qui rudibus (146)
apostles, emperor, image (of Virgin Mary), Jews, lovesickness, property (dispute over), Saint Peter, synagogue
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Libia Pez
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) John of Garland
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) Jean Mielot, Miracles de Nostre Dame
(Oxford, Bodleian, Douce MS 374)
Libia (a mistake for Lydda) BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
The Jew in the Cántigas of Alfonso X, el Sabio
Bagby, Albert
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Varrer a capela
Filgueira Valverde, José
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Anti-Semitism in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
Hatton, Vikki, and Angus MacKay
Estudio histórico-musical [de las Cantigas de Santa Maria]
Llorens Cistero, José María
La gaita y la cornamusa en Galicia y Francia
Novoa Gonzalez, María del Carmen
Art of Estrangement: Redefining Jews in Reconquest Spain
Patton, Pamela A.
La dialéctica texto-imagen. A propósito de la representación del judío en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X
Rodríguez Barral, Paulino
Alfonso X, el rey sabio ¿tolerante con la minoría judía? Una lectura emblemática de las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Roitman, Gisela
Os judeus na Espanha do século XIII, segundo as Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X o Sábio
Teensma, B. N.