Poems MSS / layout Miracles Keywords Poncelet Bibliography Search

View poem data

For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
For new critical texts of the poems, return to the listing page and click on the poem number, or go to the archive of texts .
For epigraphs and layout information click on the appropriate manuscript location.
For information on Latin and vernacular sources of miracle stories follow the links to Miracles and collections. Follow the links to the appropriate pages of Todd McComb and Pierre Roberge's online discography, to the BITAGAP archive, and to linked entries in the Bibliography.
Home Page

Back to list
CSM Number : 19
Short name: The Three Knights Alternative: The Three Soldiers
Incipit: Gran sandece faz quen se por mal filla
Refrain: Gran sandece faz quen se por mal filla/ cona que de Deus é Madre e Filla.
Summary of narrative
View Options: (Narrative Miniature Narrative & Miniature Miniature & Caption Narrative, Miniature & Both Captions )
Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): three men

Three men chased an enemy of theirs into a church and locked him in.

They then hacked him to death in front of the altar.

They tried to leave the church, but could not.

They could not grasp their weapons and their bodies became inflamed.

They begged the Virgin for mercy, repented of their sins, and were cured.

They confessed to the archbishop who told them to go into exile. The swords with which they had killed the man were made into girdles, which they wore as penance as they wandered through Sicily.

Metrical data
Stanza: 11\' 11\' 11\' 11\' Refrain: 10\' 10\'
No. of Stanzas: 8
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T19, E19, To18
Poncelet reference
Cum odio haberent quendam virum et quaererent illum (289)
altar, bishop, imprisonment, inflammation, murder, penance, archbishop, confession (see also repentance), exile , exit (barred), sanctuary (right of), sword, vengeance (divine)
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
The Three Soldiers Thott
(Copenhagen, Royal Library, MS Thott 128)
The Three Soldiers Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
The Three Soldiers Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
The Three Soldiers BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
The Three Soldiers Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
The Three Soldiers Gonzalo de Berceo
The Three Soldiers Madrid Mariale
(Madrid, B.N., MS 110)
The Three Soldiers William of Malmesbury
The Three Soldiers BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
Three Knights Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
Three Knights Johannes Herolt
Three Knights Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
Three Knights Paris Mariale 1
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale 14463)
Three Knights BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
Doctrina teológica y leyendas pías en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X, el Sabio
Alcalá, Ángel
A Paleographic Edition of the Alfonsine Collection of Prose Miracles of the Virgin
Chatham, James R.
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Los poetas del Guadiana a Alfonso el Sabio
Gonzalez Lara, José, director de publicación
Daily Living as Presented in the Canticles of Alfonso the Learned
Keller, John Esten
A Feasible Source of the Denouements of the Exemplos in El Conde Lucanor
Keller, John Esten
Aberturas e finais: rubricas, refrães, estrofes iniciais e estrofes terminais nas Cantigas de Santa Maria
Parkinson, Stephen
Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X, O Sábio: aspectos culturais e literários
Vaz Leão, Angela