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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 54
Short name: The Monk who was Healed by the Virgin’s Milk Alternative: Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead
Incipit: Toda saude da Santa Reỹa/ ven
Refrain: Toda saude da Santa Reỹa/ ven, ca ela é nossa meezỹa.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): a Cistercian monk

A monk dutifully observed the canonical hours and was devoted to the Virgin.

He was afflicted with a disease of the throat that caused his face and throat to swell. He could not swallow food and the sores “smelled worse than a cadaver.”

The other monks, thinking his death was imminent, decided to perform last rites.

The Virgin appeared to the monk and cleansed his sores with a napkin. She sprinkled milk from her breasts on the monk’s mouth and face and his complexion cleared.

The Virgin assured the monk that she had come to heal him and promised him that when he died he would go to Paradise [lit: “ where St Catherine is”]. Then she departed.

The monk who had been ill got up, and the other monks assembled to marvel at his miraculous cure.

Metrical data
Stanza: 10' 10' 10' 10' Refrain: 10' 10'
No. of Stanzas: 15
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T54, E54, To69
Poncelet reference
Erat quidam frater qui in coenobio / militabat caelorum (461)
canonical hours, Cistercians, cowl, extreme unction, illness, milk (of Virgin Mary), monks, Saint Catherine of Alexandria, throat, anoint, apparition
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead Pez
Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
Milk: Tongue and Lips Restored Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
Milk: Tongue and Lips Restored John of Garland
Milk: Tongue and Lips Restored Gautier de Coinci
Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead Adgar
(London, BL, Egerton 612)
Milk: Tongue and Lips Restored BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
Milk: Monk Laid Out as Dead BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
España en su historia: cristianos, moros y judíos
Castro, Américo
Narrativa visual de la enfermedad en las Cantigas de Santa María
Corti, Francisco
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
La cultura monástica en las Cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X: pervivencia, adopción y reelaboración
Disalvo, Santiago
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Seeing is Believing: The Miniatures in the Cantigas de Santa Maria and Medieval Devotional Practices
Kennedy, Kirstin
Singers of the Virgin in Thirteenth-Century Spain
Marchand, James, & Spurgeon Baldwin
Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy
Marullo, Teresa
The Miracles Came in Two by Two: Paired Narratives in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
Parkinson, Stephen
Sobre tres pasajes estraños de las Cantigas de Santa María
Pensado Tomé, José Luis
Correspondence of the Spanish Miracles of the Virgin
Rey, Agapito
A música da lírica galego-portuguesa medieval: un labor de reconstrucción arqueolóxica e intertextual a partir das relacións entre o texto e a música
Rossell i Mayo, Antoni
Las Cantigas del Rey Sabio
Valera, Juan
Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X, O Sábio: aspectos culturais e literários
Vaz Leão, Angela