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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 17
Short name: The Woman who Committed Incest with her Son Alternative: Incest Between Mother and Son
Incipit: Sempre seja bẽeita e loada
Refrain: Sempre seja bẽeita e loada/ Santa Maria a noss’ avogada.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Rome Protagonist(s): a woman, Roman emperor

A woman, whose husband had died, slept with her son. She became pregnant by him.

After giving birth to a son, she killed him at home in secret.

The devil, in the guise of a diviner, revealed the woman’s crime to the Roman emperor.

The emperor summoned the woman and also called the diviner. To her astonishment, he described her deeds. The emperor gave him three days to prove the truth of his accusation.

The woman prayed to the Virgin to exonerate her.

When the woman was called before the emperor, her accuser had nothing to say and fled, in the form of a devil, tearing a large hole in the roof.

Metrical data
Stanza: 10 10 10 10’ Refrain: 10’ 10’
No. of Stanzas: 14
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T17, E17, To7
Poncelet reference
Aliquando daemones peccata hominum cognoscentes accusant (47)
accusation, devils, diviner, impersonation, incest , infanticide, murder, childbirth, emperor, pregnancy, Saint Martin
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Incest Between Mother and Son Vincent de Beauvais
Incest Between Mother and Son BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
Incest John of Garland
Incest Gautier de Coinci
Incest Nigel of Canterbury
(London, BL, MS Cotton Vespasian D.xix)
Incest Between Mother and Son Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
Incest Between Mother and Son Miraculorum B. Mariae. libri III
(Reims 1400)
Incest Between Mother and Son BL Mariale 5
(London, BL, Additional MS 15723, Collection 2, ff. 70-92)
Incest Between Mother and Son Jean Mielot, Miracles de Nostre Dame
(Oxford, Bodleian, Douce MS 374)
Incest Between Mother and Son Li Miracoli de Senta Maria
Incest Between Mother and Son Pseudo-Caesarius
Incest Between Mother and Son Paris Mariale 1
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale 14463)
Música Española
Cantigas en versión para arpa de María Rosa Calvo- Manzano
Calvo- Manzano, María Rosa
A Paleographic Edition of the Alfonsine Collection of Prose Miracles of the Virgin
Chatham, James R.
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Reflexiones sobre las “Cantigas de Santa María” y su relación con otros mariales romances
Fidalgo Francisco, Elvira
Entre Ave y Eva: las mujeres de las Cantigas de Santa María. I. Madres y mujeres casadas
Fidalgo, Elvira
As técnicas literarias na obra de Afonso o Sábio
Flores, Camilo
Posiciones fetales, aborto, cesárea e infanticidio. Un acercamiento a la ginecología y puericultura hispánica a través de tres manuscritos medievales
González Hernando, Irene
Los endecasílabos de Alfonso X: Estudio sobre las Cantigas
Hanssen, Friedrich
A Feasible Source of the Denouements of the Exemplos in El Conde Lucanor
Keller, John Esten
Itinéraire espagnol du conte médiéval (VIIIs-XVs)
Marsan, Rameline E.
Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy
Marullo, Teresa
Criterio agrupador de las Cantigas de Santa María
Montoya Martínez, Jesús
Alfonso X's Incestuous Lady of Roma: A Redemptive Agenda?
Nelson, Paul Brian
Alfonso X, miracle collector
Parkinson, Stephen
La pecadora penitente en el teatro español: Sus fuentes y evolución
Sánchez Castañer y Mena, Francisco
Historia de la música española desde la venida de los Fenicios hasta el año 1850
Soriano Fuertes, Mariano