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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 29
Short name: The Images of the Virgin Mary at Gethsemane Alternative: Gethsemane
Incipit: Nas mentes senpre tẽer
Refrain: Nas mentes senpre tẽer/ devemo-las sas feituras/ da Virgen, pois receber/ as foron as pedras duras.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Gethsemane Protagonist(s): none

In Gethsemane there were images of the Virgin that were not paintings.

They were not sculptures either.

The images showed the Virgin and Child; both were well executed and accurately proportioned.

The Virgin made these images glow.

This proves that she has power over all things and can bring light from darkness.

God chose to depict her features on the stones to demonstrate that all creatures should honour her because he came down from heaven to take on flesh in her.

Metrical data
Stanza: 7 7 7 7’ 7 7’ Refrain: 7 7’ 7 7’
No. of Stanzas: 4
Rhyme scheme: ABAB | cccbcb Zejel:
MS locations:
T29, E29, To29
Poncelet reference
In s. Gethsemani quae est inter Hierusalem et montem Oliveti (858)
image (of Virgin Mary)
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Gethsemane Pez
Gethsemane Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
Gethsemane Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
Gethsemane BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
Gethsemane Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
Gethsemane Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
Gethsemane BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Filgueira Valverde, José
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
El arte mayor de Juan de Mena
Hanssen, Friedrich
A retórica visual no Códice Rico das Cantigas de Santa María
Iacob, Mihai
The Depiction of Exotic Animals in Cantiga XXIX of the Cantigas de Santa María
Keller, John Esten
Alfonso X, el Sabio
Keller, John Esten
Imágenes insólitas en la miniaturas de las Cantigas Alfonsíes
Keller, John Esten and Annette Grant Cash
Myth and Reality in the Miracle of Cantiga 29
Keller, John Esten and Richard P. Kinkade
Seeing is Believing: The Miniatures in the Cantigas de Santa Maria and Medieval Devotional Practices
Kennedy, Kirstin
Medieval Music
Marrocco, W. Thomas, & Nicholas Sandon
Aberturas e finais: rubricas, refrães, estrofes iniciais e estrofes terminais nas Cantigas de Santa Maria
Parkinson, Stephen
Como a Virgen Santa paresceu, paresçía: las empresas marianas alfonsies y la teoría neoplatónica de la imagen sagrada
Sánchez Ameijeiras, Rocío
’Ymagines sanctae’, Fray Juan Gil de Zamora y la teoría de la imagen sagrada en las Cantigas de Santa María
Sánchez Ameijeiras, Rocío
Tres ensayos sobre el arte en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso el Sabio
Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier
Recordings of Las [sic] Cantigas de Santa Maria Contained in the Facsimile Edition Published by Edilán (Madrid 1979)
Tinnell, Roger D.
A Selected and Annotated Discography of Recordings of Music from the Middle Ages in Spain
Tinnell, Roger D.