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CSM Number : 175
Short name: The Pilgrim to Santiago who was Wrongly Hanged Alternative: Pilgrim is rescued from the gallows
Incipit: Por dereito ten a Virgen
Refrain: Por dereito ten a Virgen/ a Sennor de lealdade/ que sobr’ el se torn’ o dano/ de quen jura falsidade.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Toulouse and Santiago de Compostela Protagonist(s): a German pilgrim to Santiago de Compostela and his son

A German pilgrim travelled with his son to Santiago de Compostela.

On the way, they stayed at an inn in Toulouse.

A heretic, who owned the inn, planted a silver cup in the son’s sack and accused him of theft. On order of the magistrate, the son was arrested, charged, and hanged.

His father mourned the boy, but continued on his way to Santiago de Compostela.

The father then returned to Toulouse and visited the site of his son’s death. The son, still hanging on the gallows, spoke to his father, explaining that the Virgin had kept him alive. The father called witnesses to see the boy, who was then removed from the gallows.

The heretic was summoned and cast into a fire.

Metrical data
Stanza: 15' 15' 15' 15' Refrain: 15' 15'
No. of Stanzas: 18
Rhyme scheme: AA | bbba Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T175, E175
Poncelet reference
Ad sanctum tendens Iacobum / vir hostem vidit reprobum (30)
bailiff, burning, children, cup, false accusation, gallows, hanging, heretic, innkeeper, magistrate, pilgrimage, Saint James
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Pilgrim of St. James Pez
Pilgrim of St. James Thott
(Copenhagen, Royal Library, MS Thott 128)
Pilgrim of St. James Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
Pilgrim of St. James Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
The Pilgrim of St James Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
Pilgrim of St. James John of Garland
Pilgrim of St. James Gonzalo de Berceo
Pilgrim of St. James Madrid Mariale
(Madrid, B.N., MS 110)
Pilgrim of St. James Gautier de Coinci
The Pilgrim of St James William of Malmesbury
Pilgrim of St. James BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
Pilgrim of St. James Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
The Pilgrim of St James Pseudo-Caesarius
Pilgrim of St. James Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
The Pilgrim of St James BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
Doctrina teológica y leyendas pías en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X, el Sabio
Alcalá, Ángel
Alfonso X
Un recull de miracles de Santa Maria, procedent de Ripoll, i les Cantigues d’Alfons el Savi
Baraut i Obiols, Cebrià
Heretics and Infidels: the Cantigas de Santa María as Ideological Instrument of Cultural Codfication
Bollo Panadero, María Dolores
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Imagen e intención. La representación de Santiago Apóstol en los manuscritos de las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Fernández Fernández, Laura
Fuentes germánicas en las ’Cantigas de Santa Maria’ de Alfonso X el Sabio
Ferreiro Alemparte, Jaime
Entre Ave y Eva: las mujeres de las Cantigas de Santa María. II. Las trabajadoras. III. Las Evas
Fidalgo, Elvira
Cancioneiriño novo de Compostela
Filgueira Valverde, José
Afonso X e Galicia, e unha escolma de cantigas
Filgueira Valverde, José
La sociedad medieval española reflejada en la obra de Alfonso el Sabio
González, Jr., Juan
Paralelismo discursivo de los delitos de hurto y robo en las Siete Partidas y Las Cantigas de Santa Maria’
Igkesias, Yolanda, and David Navarro
More on the Rivalry Between Santa María and Santiago de Compostela
Keller, John Esten
Itinéraire espagnol du conte médiéval (VIIIs-XVs)
Marsan, Rameline E.
Afonso X e as Cantigas de Santa Maria localizadas en Galicia
Negri, Manuel
Monstruo y milagro: El gallo resuscitado
Thomas, Henry