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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 47
Short name: The Devil who Appeared in the Shape of Three Beasts Alternative: Devil in Three Beast-Shapes
Incipit: Virgen Santa Maria/ guarda-nos se te praz
Refrain: Virgen Santa Maria/ guarda-nos se te praz/ da gran sabedoria/ que eno demo jaz.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): a drunken monk

A monk observed all the rules of his order. Once, however, he went to the cellar and consumed so much wine that he became very drunk.

He tried to leave the cellar and go to the church, but the devil, in the shape of a bull, attempted to gore him.

The monk called on the Virgin, who scared the bull away.

The devil then appeared to the monk in the form of a tall, thin, shaggy, black man.

The monk called on the Virgin, who scared the man away.

The monk went into the church where the devil appeared to him in the form of a lion. The Virgin hit the lion with a stick and chased it away. She then consoled the monk and advised him to behave better in future.

Metrical data
Stanza: 13 13 13 13 Refrain: 6' 6 6' 6
No. of Stanzas: 8
Rhyme scheme: ABAB | cccb Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T47, E47, To61
Poncelet reference
Alter amore piae monachus cenobita Mariae Fervebat (66)
apparition, bull, devils, drunk, impersonation, lion, monks, soul, wildman, wine
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Pez
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Thott
(Copenhagen, Royal Library, MS Thott 128)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes John of Garland
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Gonzalo de Berceo
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Gautier de Coinci
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes William of Malmesbury
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Adgar
(London, BL, Egerton 612)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Nigel of Canterbury
(London, BL, MS Cotton Vespasian D.xix)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Johannes Herolt
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Li Miracoli de Senta Maria
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
Devil in Three Beast-Shapes BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
La notación mensural de la música monódica de la corte española del siglo XIII ofrece soluciones nuevas, hasta hoy totalmente desconocidas, para la interpretación estético-rítmica de las melodías de los trovadores
Anglés, Higinio
Contributo allo studio della letteratura miracolistica
Bertolucci Pizzorusso, Valeria
Mecanismos de envolvimento da instância autoral nas Cantigas de Santa Maria
Bittencourt, Vanda de Oliveira
Another Aspect of the Virgin Mary in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
Davis, Jr, William Richard
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Reflexiones sobre las “Cantigas de Santa María” y su relación con otros mariales romances
Fidalgo Francisco, Elvira
Las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Filgueira Valverde, José
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Los alejandrinos de Alfonso X
Hanssen, Friedrich
Alfonso X el Sabio, un rey ’cantigueiro’
Llorens Cistero, José María
El ’omee mui feo’: ¿primera aparición de la figura del salvaje en la iconografía española?
Madrigal, José Antonio
Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy
Marullo, Teresa
Recordings of Las [sic] Cantigas de Santa Maria Contained in the Facsimile Edition Published by Edilán (Madrid 1979)
Tinnell, Roger D.