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For the purposes of the new edition, every poem has been assigned a unique short title. The original short titles, taken eclectically from a number of sources, are retained as alternative short titles.
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CSM Number : 11
Short name: The Drowned Sacristan
Incipit: Macar ome per folia/ agĩa caer/ pod’ en pecado
Refrain: Macar ome per folia/ agĩa caer/ pod’ en pecado/ do ben de Santa Maria/ non dev’ a seer/ desasperado.
Summary of narrative
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Setting: unspecified Protagonist(s): a monk

Every night a sinful monk left his monastery to take his pleasure with his mistress.

Before he left he would say the Ave Maria.

One night he fell into a river and drowned.

Devils and angels argued over his soul. The devils’ case was stronger and the angels were about to give in when the Virgin made them recover the monk’s soul.

They returned the soul to his body and revived him.

The other monks found him alive in the cold water.

Metrical data
Stanza: 7' 7' 7' 5 4' 7' 5 4' Refrain: 7' 5 4' 7' 5 4'
No. of Stanzas: 10
Rhyme scheme: ABCABC | aaabcabc Zejel:
MS locations:
T11, E11, To11
Poncelet reference
Coenobii custos fervore libidinis ardens Saepius ad (201)
angels, Ave Maria (saying of), devils, drowning, fornication, litany (recitation of), monastery, monks, resurrection, soul
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
The Drowned Sacristan Pez
The Drowned Sacristan Thott
(Copenhagen, Royal Library, MS Thott 128)
The Drowned Sacristan Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
The Drowned Sacristan Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
The Drowned Sacristan Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
The Drowned Sacristan BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
The Drowned Sacristan Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
The Drowned Sacristan John of Garland
The Drowned Sacristan Legenda Aurea (Voragine)
The Drowned Sacristan Gonzalo de Berceo
The Drowned Sacristan Madrid Mariale
(Madrid, B.N., MS 110)
The Drowned Sacristan Gautier de Coinci
The Drowned Sacristan William of Malmesbury
Ave on the Tongue Adgar
(London, BL, Egerton 612)
The Drowned Sacristan BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
The Drowned Sacristan Nigel of Canterbury
(London, BL, MS Cotton Vespasian D.xix)
Monachus impudicus aquis submergitur: et ad vitam reducitur Ripoll
(Rivipullensis 193)
The Drowned Sacristan Jean Gobi
The Drowned Sacristan BL Mariale 4
(London, BL, Additional MS 15723, Collection 1, ff. 64v-69v)
The Drowned Sacristan Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
The Drowned Sacristan Paris Mariale 2
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale 12593)
The Drowned Sacristan Vendôme Collection
(Vendôme, Bibliothèque Publique MS 185)
The Drowned Sacristan Pseudo-Caesarius
The Drowned Sacristan Cornell Mariale
(Cornell, MS B.14)
The Drowned Sacristan Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
The Drowned Sacristan BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
Ave on the Tongue BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
The Drowned Sacristan Walter of Cluny
Cantigas en versión para arpa de María Rosa Calvo- Manzano
Calvo- Manzano, María Rosa
A Paleographic Edition of the Alfonsine Collection of Prose Miracles of the Virgin
Chatham, James R.
Another Aspect of the Virgin Mary in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
Davis, Jr, William Richard
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
La cultura monástica en las Cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X: pervivencia, adopción y reelaboración
Disalvo, Santiago
Gualterus de Cluny, las 'Cantigas', y el niño que ofrece pan a Cristo: reconsideración de una antigua colección de milagros marianos
DiSalvo, Santiago
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Variantes de tres leyendas por Gil de Zamora
Fita, Fidel
Las traducciones castellanas de las Cantigas de Santa María
Keller, John E. and Robert W. Linker
Alfonso X, el Sabio
Keller, John Esten
A Feasible Source of the Denouements of the Exemplos in El Conde Lucanor
Keller, John Esten
A Preliminary Bibliography of Medieval Galician-Portuguese Poetry in English Translation
Longland, Jean R.
O Livro dos Milagres da Bem-aventurada Virgem Maria
Martins, Mário
Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy
Marullo, Teresa
Milagres Medievais numa colectânea mariana alcobacense. Edição crítica, tradução e estudo
Nascimento, Aries Augusto, ed.
Alfonso X the Learned. Cantigas de Santa Maria. An Anthology
Parkinson, Stephen
Os afazeres do demónio nas Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X
Rodrigues, Maria Idalina Resina
A tradición musical das Cantigas de Santa María
Rossell i Mayo, Antoni
Relaciones entre los Milagros de Nuestra Señora y las Cantigas de Santa María
Scarborough, Connie L.
A Selected and Annotated Discography of Recordings of Music from the Middle Ages in Spain
Tinnell, Roger D.
La XI cantiga de Alfonso el Sabio, y su armonización por Julián Ribera
Wilkes, Josué