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CSM Number : 4
Short name: The Murdered Jewish Boy Alternative: Jewish Boy: Jew of Bourges
Incipit: A madre do que livrou/ dos leões Daniel
Refrain: A madre do que livrou/ dos leões Daniel/ essa do fogo guardou/ un menĩo d’ Irrael
Summary of narrative
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Setting: Bourges Protagonist(s): Abel, a Jewish boy

A Jewish boy named Abel, the son of a glassmaker, went to school with Christians. At Easter, he went to church with the other pupils and saw the abbot giving them communion.

It seemed to him as if the Virgin on the altar were giving them the sacrament. He lined up to receive communion and the Virgin gave it to him.

He returned home and told his father what he had done.

His father was enraged and threw him into a furnace. His mother, Rachel, screamed and ran into the street. People came to her aid.

The Virgin protected the boy in the midst of the flames, just as her Son had protected Hananiah, Azariah and Mishael [in the fiery furnace].

The Jewish boy was baptised at once, his mother converted to Christianity, and his father was thrown into the furnace.

Metrical data
Stanza: 7 7’ 7 7’ 7 7’ 7 7 Refrain: 7 7 7 7
No. of Stanzas: 11
Rhyme scheme: ABAB | cdcdcdcb Zejel: Yes
MS locations:
T4, E4, To4
Poncelet reference
Apud Bituricas cum christiani die Paschae communicarent (95)
abbot, baptism, burning, children, Easter, Eucharist, furnace, glassmaker, murder, conversion, Jews, school, student, fire
Click HERE for a list of recordings of this poem
Miracle Collection
Jew of Bourges Pez
Jew of Bourges Thott
(Copenhagen, Royal Library, MS Thott 128)
Jew of Bourges Phillips
(Chicago, University of Chicago, Phillipps MS 25142)
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak Vincent de Beauvais
Jew of Bourges Gil de Zamora
(Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS 9503)
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak BL Mariale 3
(London, BL, Additional MS 35112, ff. 21-80; 90-94)
Jewish Boy: Jew of Bourges Lisbon Mariale
(Lisbon, B.N., MS Alcobacense 149)
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak John of Garland
Jew of Bourges Legenda Aurea (Voragine)
Jew of Bourges Gonzalo de Berceo
Jew of Bourges Madrid Mariale
(Madrid, B.N., MS 110)
Jew of Bourges Gautier de Coinci
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak William of Malmesbury
Jew of Bourges Adgar
(London, BL, Egerton 612)
Jew of Bourges BL Mariale 2
(London, BL, Arundel 346, ff. 60-73)
Jew of Bourges Nigel of Canterbury
(London, BL, MS Cotton Vespasian D.xix)
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak Ripoll
(Rivipullensis 193)
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak Gregory of Tours
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak Mariale Magnum
(Paris Bibliothèque Nationale lat 3177)
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak Bartholomew of Trent
(University of Bologna, Codice 1794)
Jewish Boy: Covered with her Cloak Vendôme Collection
(Vendôme, Bibliothèque Publique MS 185)
Jewish Boy: Jew of Bourges Johannes Herolt
Jewish Boy: Jew of Bourges Dominic of Evesham
(Oxford, Balliol College, MS 240, ff. 137-148)
Jewish Boy: Jew of Bourges Anglo-Norman Miracles of the Virgin
(London, BL, Royal 20 B XIV, fols 102v-169)
Jew of Bourges BL Mariale 1
(Cotton Cleopatra C.x., ff. 101-144v)
Doctrina teológica y leyendas pías en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X, el Sabio
Alcalá, Ángel
Alfonso X
Obras de Alfonso X (Selección)
Alfonso X
Extractos de las Cantigas de Santa Maria en lengua castellana
The Jew in the Cántigas of Alfonso X, el Sabio
Bagby, Albert
Un recull de miracles de Santa Maria, procedent de Ripoll, i les Cantigues d’Alfons el Savi
Baraut i Obiols, Cebrià
Las colecciones universales de milagros de la Virgen hasta Gonzalo de Berceo
Bayo, Juan Carlos
Elementos de Reconquista: Moras y judías en las ’Cantigas’ de Alfonso V
Benito de Pedro, Ana
Contributo allo studio della letteratura miracolistica
Bertolucci Pizzorusso, Valeria
Heretics and Infidels: the Cantigas de Santa María as Ideological Instrument of Cultural Codfication
Bollo Panadero, María Dolores
Typology in Berceo’s Milagros; the Judïezno and the Abadesa preñada
Boreland, Helen
Alfonso el Sabio, selección y notas
Cardenal de Iracheta, Manuel
España en su historia: cristianos, moros y judíos
Castro, Américo
A Paleographic Edition of the Alfonsine Collection of Prose Miracles of the Virgin
Chatham, James R.
Lectura retórica visual de la Cantiga 4
Corti, Francisco
Historical Anthology of Music
Davison, A. T., and Willi Apel
Sources of the Cantigas of Alfonso el Sabio [AC]
Dexter, Elise Forsythe
Algunas notas sobre la presencia de elementos tipológicos o figurativos en los ’Milagros’ de Gonzalo de Berceo y en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X
Disalvo, Santiago
La cultura monástica en las Cantigas de Santa María de Alfonso X: pervivencia, adopción y reelaboración
Disalvo, Santiago
El planto en la historia y en la literatura gallega
Filgueira Valverde, José
Os xudeos nas Cantigas de Santa María
Filgueira Valverde, José
Cincuenta leyendas por Gil de Zamora, combinadas con las Cantigas de Alfonso el Sabio
Fita, Fidel
Resumen de ’¿Cuáles son los orígenes musicales de las Cantigas?’
García Moreno, María Teresa
¿Cuáles son los orígenes musicales de las Cantigas?
García Moreno, María Teresa
The Literary Portrait of the Child in Castilian Medieval Literature
Goldberg, Harriet
Anti-Semitism in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
Hatton, Vikki, and Angus MacKay
Las traducciones castellanas de las Cantigas de Santa María
Keller, John E. and Robert W. Linker
A Feasible Source of the Denouements of the Exemplos in El Conde Lucanor
Keller, John Esten
Lines 99-100 of Alfonso X el Sabio’s Cantiga IV
Knowlton, Jr, Edgar C.
Alfonso X, el Sabio. Antología
Labajo, Aurelio, Carlos Urdiales & Trini González
Alfonso X el Sabio, un rey ’cantigueiro’
Llorens Cistero, José María
Itinéraire espagnol du conte médiéval (VIIIs-XVs)
Marsan, Rameline E.
O Livro dos Milagres da Bem-aventurada Virgem Maria
Martins, Mário
Cantigas de Santa Maria e cancioneiros galaico-portugueses
Martins, Mário
Osservazioni sulle Cantigas di Alfonso X e sui Miracles di Gautier de Coincy
Marullo, Teresa
Texto e imagem: autonomia e interdependência em processo de leitura
Nascimento, Aires Augusto
Milagres Medievais numa colectânea mariana alcobacense. Edição crítica, tradução e estudo
Nascimento, Aries Augusto, ed.
Phonology and Metrics: Aspects of Rhyme in the Cantigas de Santa Maria
Parkinson, Stephen
The Little Jewish Boy: Afterlife of a Byzantine Legend in Thirteenth-Century Spain
Patton, Pamela A
Art of Estrangement: Redefining Jews in Reconquest Spain
Patton, Pamela A.
Constructing the Inimical Jew in the Cantigas de Santa Maria: Theophilus' Magician in Text and Image
Patton, Pamela A.
Antología de Alfonso el Sabio
Peña, Margarita
’Iudeus sacer’: Life, Law, and Identity in the ’State of Exception’ Called ’Marian Miracle’
Prado-Vilar, Francisco
La dialéctica texto-imagen. A propósito de la representación del judío en las Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X
Rodríguez Barral, Paulino
Alfonso X, el rey sabio ¿tolerante con la minoría judía? Una lectura emblemática de las Cantigas de Santa Maria
Roitman, Gisela
Mother of God. A History of the Virgin Mary
Rubin, MIri
Los judíos de Berceo y los de Alfonso X en la España de ’las tres religiones’
Sainz de la Maza, Carlos
Birds of Prey and the Dry Textbook: King Alfonso’s Laws, Science, and Cantigas of the Hunt
Seniff, Dennis P.
Alfonso X, el Sabio. Antología
Solalinde, Antonio G.
Os judeus na Espanha do século XIII, segundo as Cantigas de Santa Maria de Alfonso X o Sábio
Teensma, B. N.
Cantigas de Santa Maria de Afonso X, O Sábio: aspectos culturais e literários
Vaz Leão, Angela